SANITATION SCENARIO, BANGLADESH
The global commitment of Johannesburge declaration 2002 is to achieve 50% coverage
of the un-served population (2.40 Billion) with sanitation facilities by the year 2015.
Government of Bangladesh declared the target of achieving a state whereby every household in
the nation will have a sanitary latrine by 2010. The target will be fulfilled in three phases by 2005,
2008 and 2010.
The Government Initiatives so far to achieve 100% Sanitation by 2010
- Local Government Division of the Government of Bangladesh carried out a nation-wide
baseline sanitation Survey in 2003 involving govt. and Local government Institutions and
acquired relevant information to prepare a comprehensive plan to achieve the sanitation target.
The summary of the baseline survey is presented below :
Households with hygienic, unhygienic and no latrines
|Area/Region ||Number of Households ||Households with Hygienic Latrines (%) ||Households with Unhygienic Latrines (%) ||Total Households with Latrines (%) ||Households With No Latrines (%) |
|National ||2,13,94,093 ||33.22 ||24.80 ||57.95 ||41.99 |
|Rural ||1,83,26,332 ||28.77 ||24.33 ||53.10 ||46.90 |
|Urban ||30,67,761 ||59.77 ||27.62 ||87.39 ||12.61 |
|City Corps. ||12,16,424 ||69.92 ||27.55 ||97.47 ||2.53 |
|Municipalities ||18,51,337 ||53.10 ||27.66 ||80.76 ||19.24 |
The reasons for not having a latrine
Respondents were free to cite more than one reasons
|Area/Region ||Number of Households with No Latrines ||Lack of Money (%) ||Lack of Space (%) ||Lack of Awareness (%) ||Preference for Open Defecation (%) ||Lack of Material(%) |
|National ||89,82,551 ||73.23 ||10.64 ||25.13 ||4.23 ||1.99 |
|Rural ||85,95,626 ||72.90 ||10.30 ||25.32 ||4.27 ||2.05 |
|Urban ||3,86,925 ||80.47 ||18.26 ||20.85 ||3.32 ||0.59 |
|City Corps. ||30,727 ||67.91 ||31.53 ||23.04 ||5.53 ||3.20 |
|Municipalities ||3,56,198 ||81.55 ||17.12 ||20.66 ||3.13 ||0.37 |
- The Government of Bangladesh has taken up an extensive program of “ National Sanitation Campaign” in order to ensure Government’s Commitment of achieving 100% sanitation by the year 2010. In this regard the month of October, each year has been declared Sanitation month.
- Govt of Bangladesh hosted SACOSAN (South Asian Conference on Sanitation), 2003 in October in order to (i) assess the state of Sanitation & Hygiene, sharing experience and lessons learnt in the region (ii) raise the profile of Sanitation & Hygiene in South Asia following WSSD (iii) generate political commitment through a joint declaration and (iv) strengthen leadership/advocacy for improved sanitation & hygiene in South Asia.
Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives has allocated 20% of the Upazila (Sub-District) development grant for improvement of sanitation. In this regard a guidelines has been formulated for proper utilization of the aforesaid grant. In case of City Corporations and Municipalities, Government also earmarked 20% of the development grant for improvement of sanitation.
Task Forces/WatSan Committees with definite terms of reference have been formed in the National, City Corporations, District, Municipality, Upazila, Union and ward levels to materialize the national sanitation program.
Local Government Division declared additional development grants to Municipality/ Upazila Parishad/Union Parishad and awards to head of those Local Govt. Institutions for achieving 100% sanitation under their jurisdiction. Up to September2006, 1211 no Union Parishads, 95 no Upazila Parishads and 54 no Municipalities have achieved 100% sanitation coverage.
Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives has adopted a policy to provide sanitary latrine sets to “Hard-Core Poor” free of cost, who will install the latrine set and construct its superstructure of their own.
Overall Progress On Sanitation (Latrine Coverage) From October 2003 to September 2007